Telehealth vs Telemedicine Differences: Here’s What’s In

Telehealth vs Telemedicine Differences
September 28, 2022

Telehealth and telemedicine are individual approaches to administering health services through technology.

In other words, telemedicine falls under the sphere of telehealth. So we can say that telemedicine is telehealth, but telehealth is not telemedicine.

Seems quite confusing!

The merger of the healthcare industry with modern technologies can be puzzling for people as it involves technicalities.

However, modernisation in the healthcare sector is widely adopted. It aims to encourage essential healthcare access for patients and make healthcare management seamless for professionals. It also enhances service delivery efficiency.

People tend to think that telehealth and telemedicine are synonymous with each other. But, there are subtle differences between both. This article explains it.

So, let’s start exploring.

Telehealth and Telemedicine – Brief History

Mordor Intelligence indicates that the global IT healthcare market is anticipated to register a CAGR of 12.5% during 2022-2027.

Telehealth and Telemedicine Brief History

So how and when modern technology discovers its way into the healthcare industry?

Research shows that telehealth drags out to the 18th century, as was noted by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information.

There are two significant examples of the early acceptance of telehealth.

  • As noted in the Lancet article in 1879, the discussion on the potential use of the telephone to mitigate unwanted office visits.
  • A magazine showed a doctor checking a patient through a radio while indicating the possibilities of a device usage that enables the patient’s video analysing remotely.  

In terms of telemedicine, the earliest foundations were in Europe when in 1905, the Dutch physician Willem Einthoven used the long-distance electrocardiogram transfer.

The first organised telemedicine programs in the US started at the end of the 1950s, as noted by the National Centre for Biotechnology Information.

Telehealth – Quick Glimpse

Telehealth comprises an extensive range of technologies and services that offer care and healthcare facilities at remote locations. It refers to delivering services at a distance like,

  • Telemedicine
  • Remote patient monitoring
  • Non-clinical training
  • Provider training
  • Administrative meetings
  • Health education
  • Prescription delivery
  • Provider communication
  • Health resources and coaching
  • Counselling and mental health services

On a hierarchy or a classification, telehealth remains at the top level.

Telehealth Taxonomy

Telemedicine – Quick Glimpse

Telemedicine is a type of telehealth. It is defined as practising medicine at a distance or remotely. Healthcare professionals checking, watching, and treating patients is called telemedicine.

Telemedicine includes,

  • Virtual visit
  • Specialist consultation
  • Medication management
  • Chronic disease management

There are three methods through which telemedicine is provided.

1. RPM (Remote Patient Monitoring)

It refers to periodic/asynchronous/continuous monitoring and transmission of essential signs, including

  • Blood pressure
  • Glucose levels
  • Weight
  • Oxygen saturation
  • Heart rate and rhythm

Patients use remote patient monitoring services to track their symptoms through Bluetooth biometrics. It monitors symptoms in real-time on healthcare providers’ dashboards or in the EMR. 

2. ICP (Interactive Patient Care)

It refers to live and interactive communication between a patient and provider. It includes,

  • Phone consultation
  • Video examination
  • Secure consults

Patients use ICP (Intracranial pressure) monitoring during the video visit on a mobile, tablet, or for providers directly from the clinical dashboard.

3. Store and Forward

It refers to the method by which patient information, like lab reports, images, sounds, videos, etc., can be securely sent to healthcare providers in a different location for review.

telemedicine tools

Telehealth – Substantial Benefits

1. Mobile Health

Individuals can harness the potential of mobile health by knowing their current health status using mobile applications. mHealth lets patients and specialists provide healthcare and learning materials through mobiles, tablets, home-based computers, and laptops.

It is possible to communicate via WhatsApp, text messages, mobiles, etc. mHealth facilitates services without any location constraints.

2. Video Consultation

Live video consultation lets the patients connect with doctors effortlessly via video calls to collaborate about anything.

Also, it supports the participation of doctors from different locations to diagnose and deliver the best medication and care available.

3. Remote Tracking

Remote tracking enables doctors to monitor their patient’s health progress from any location.

Many devices let you track blood pressure, pulse rate, weight, etc. Patients can share those data directly with doctors from anywhere.

It helps doctors to track their patients constantly and treat them with the best health routine.

4. Cost-savvy

Apart from the infrastructure expenses, clinics, hospitals, and healthcare organisations can mitigate the maintenance expenses of the facilities, and healthcare professionals can provide the best facilities on a global level.

5. More Access to Rural Areas

If there is an internet connection and mobile availability, virtual healthcare technology delivers the best outcome.

  • In rural locations, patients can have access to multiple healthcare professionals.
  • When patients can not move and lack a caregiver, they can quickly and easily connect to doctors.
  • Time and transportation are concerns for many, but there is a high demand for medical treatment. In such a scenario, patients can collaborate with physicians.

Note: Not everyone understands how to leverage virtual technology, or they do not have access to internet/mobile facilities. There are also possibilities for technical malfunctioning.

Telemedicine – Substantial Benefits

1. Mitigated risk of Infection

With virtual healthcare facilities, there is no physical interaction between doctors and patients. Hence, there are fewer chances of spreading infections.

2. Anytime Care Delivery

Telemedicine quickly provides medical services from any location, any time. Patients can leverage the on-the-go visit to doctors whenever feeling sick (even in the middle of the night). 

3. More safety for doctors

Online or virtual interaction between healthcare providers and patients increases the safety of HCPs as there is no face-to-face involvement while diagnosing a patient’s symptoms.

4. Help chronic diseases patients

Telemedicine is one of the suitable options for chronic disease patients as it lets them avoid physical visits to doctors.

5. Virtual Psychiatric Assistance

Psychiatric patients get multiple advantages from doctors and hospitals as they get personalised care and speedy recovery.

Note: Telemedicine is not a preferable option in urgent medical treatment. It is suitable to fix symptoms, day-to-day follow-ups, and check-ups. You can not rely on telemedicine amid cardiac arrest, stroke, fracture, etc.

Telehealth vs Telemedicine – Difference

Telehealth Telemedicine
It covers a broad range of clinical and non-clinical facilities remotely. Telemedicine is a subset of telehealth.
It includes services offered by,

  • HCWs (Healthcare Workers)
  • Educators
  • FLWs (Frontline Workers)
  • HCPs (Healthcare Professions)
It includes services offered by healthcare professionals only.
Telehealth’s monitoring and collaboration facilities aid chronic disease patients take part in their treatment. Telemedicine only expands the scope of physician reach.
Telehealth is a much broader term than doctor-patient communications. Telemedicine is limited to doctor-patient communications.
Telehealth comprises,

  • Wide-ranging lab test reports
  • Training
  • Healthcare education
  • Interaction between technology and the healthcare industry
Telemedicine restricts to digital mode of facilities offered by doctors.

In a Nutshell

The sole difference between telehealth and telemedicine is that telemedicine is all about remote medical facilities, whereas telehealth refers to non-medical and medical facilities.

All telemedicine is telehealth, and all remote patient tracking is telemedicine. Both are crucial for better and expanded quality care access across the spectrum.

With the help of this article, you get clarity on how one is a part of another and how they are distinct. If you still have any doubt, you can contact us anytime. We are keen to help you.

Latest Blog

Build vs Buy Software -
November 21, 2022

Build vs Buy Software – How to Make the Right Decision?

Build software vs buy software: which one to choose for a startup?  It is a common question for startup...

Best SaaS Ecommerce Platforms
November 15, 2022

Best SaaS Ecommerce Platforms to Leverage for your Online Business

Without any doubt, the opportunities of online selling have aided tons of organisations to earn more and expand successfully. ...

November 7, 2022

JAMstack for Web App Development – Why should you choose it?

JAMstack has transformed the way we think about web development by offering a simple developer experience, improved performance, mitigated...